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In Mozambique persons with albinism are estimated at 20,000 to 30,000 individuals, a relatively small group, which is dispersed across the country. Even though albinism is a natural inherited condition, persons with albinism are subject to discrimination, exclusion, verbal and physical violent attacks, which can amount to body part and organ removal, organ trafficking and murder.

United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), Association of Defence Counsel Practising before the ICTY(ADC-ICTY), OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE ODIR), Manual on International Criminal Defence: ADC-ICTY Developed Practices within the framework of the War Crimes Justice Project, UNICRI, Turin, 2011.

Illicit pesticides represent a lucrative activity for organized crime and a concrete threat to security, development, health and the environment, and consequently require urgent response from the national and regional authorities, as well as the international community and the United Nations. To address this growing threat, UNICRI has developed a programme aimed at enhancing an international strategy to counter serious and organized crime involved crimes having an adverse impact on the environment, including in the trafficking of illicit pesticides.

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